Static IP

From Bibliotheca Anonoma

The first thing you are strongly recommended to do for a server is to give it a static IP address. This IP is only used with the router, and is not related to the global IP address actually used to access the server from afar.

Without a static IP, you would be forced to change the router port forward settings every single time the computer was disconnected, so it is very useful.

In Debian, edit /etc/network/interfaces and add the following:

Note: Make sure to change address to the IP address that you want (since this is a router subnet, it must be 192.168.1.x, and must not be in use).

Make sure that gateway points to the router's IP address, which is usually, but may differ.

# static IP settings
auto eth0
allow-hotplug eth0
iface eth0 inet static

Now restart the server, and the server should now be using the static IP in question (unless there was a conflict, if the address was already in use).